CHAPTER XV. UTILITIESCHAPTER XV. UTILITIES\ARTICLE 4. SEWERS

Unless otherwise indicated by the specific context, the meanings of the terms used in this article are as follows:

(a)   ASTM - The American Society of Testing Materials or publications thereof.

(b)   B.O.D. (denoting Biochemical Oxygen Demand) - The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20 degrees centigrade, expressed in parts per million by weight.

(c)   Building Drain - That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning two feet outside the interface of the building wall.

(d)   Building Sewer - The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.

(e)   City - The City of Chapman, Kansas.

(f)   Combined Sewer - A sewer receiving both surf ace runoff and sewage.

(g)   Garbage - Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.

(h)   Health Officer - A person having public health responsibility by the State of Kansas and/or by Dickinson County in the State of Kansas.

(i)    Industrial Cost Recovery (ICR) - Recovery by the governing body from the industrial users of a treatment works and collection system of the grant amount allocable to the treatment and collection of wastes from such users.

(j)    Industrial Cost Recovery Period - The industrial cost recovery period shall be equal to 20 years or to the period to which the grant amount allocable to the treatment of wastes from industrial users is recovered from the industrial users of such wastes.

(k)   Industrial User - A nongovernmental user of publicly-owned treatment works identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended and supplemented, under the following divisions:

(1)   Division A. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing;

(2)   Division B. Mining;

(3)   Division D. Manufacturing;

(4)   Division E. Transportation, Communications, Electric, Gas and Sanitary Services;

(5)   Division I. Services. A user in any of the divisions listed above may be excluded from classification as an industrial user if it is determined that it will introduce primarily segregated domestic wastes or wastes from sanitary conveniences.

(l)    Industrial Wastes - The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade, or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.

(m)  Natural Outlet - Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.

(n)   Person - Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.

(o)   pH - The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.

(p)   Properly shredded garbage - The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food which have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.

(q)   Public Sewer - A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and is controlled by public authority.

(r)    Sanitary Sewer - A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground water are not intentionally admitted.

(s)   Sewage - A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surf ace, and storm waters as may be present.

(t)    Sewage Collection System - Each, and all, of the com mon lateral sewers, within a publicly-owned treatment system, which are primarily installed to receive wastewaters directly from facilities which convey wastewater from individual structures or from private property, and which include service connection “Y” fittings designed for connection with those facilities. The facilities which convey wastewater from individual structures or from private property to the public lateral sewer or its equivalent, are specifically excluded from the definition, with the exception of pumping units, and pressurized lines, for individual structures or groups of structures when such units are cost effective and are owned and maintained by the city.

(u)   Sewage Treatment Plant - Any devices and systems used in the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewer or industrial wastes of a liquid nature to implement section 201 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) as amended by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-500) and Pub. L. 93-243, or necessary to recycle or reuse water at the most economical cost over the useful life of the works, including intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, pumping, power, and other equipment and their appurtenances; extensions, improvement, remodeling, additions and alterations thereof ; elements essential to provide a reliable recycled supply such as stand-by treatment units and clear well facilities; and any works, including site acquisition of the land that will be an integral part of the treatment process or is used for ultimate disposal or residues resulting from such treatment; or any other method or system for preventing, abating, reducing, storing, treatment, separating, or disposing of municipal waste, including storm runoff, or industrial waste, including waste in combined storm water and sanitary sewer systems.

(v)   Sewer - A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.

(w)  Shall is mandatory, May is permissive.

(x)   Slug - Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which is concentration of any given constituent or in which the quantity of flow for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes exceeds more than five times the average 24 hour concentration or flow quantities during nor mal operation.

(y)   Storm Sewer - A sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.

(z)   Superintendent of the Sewer Treatment Plant - The superintendent of the sewage treatment plant of the city and or his or her authorized deputy, agent or representative.

(aa) Suspended Solids (SS) - Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage, or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.

(bb) Watercourse - A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continually or intermittently.

(cc) Uniform Plumbing Code - The latest revision of the Uniform Plumbing Code published by the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials.

(dd) Useful Life - The estimated period during which a sewage treatment plant will be operated; for the city the design life of 20 years shall be used.

(ee) WPCF - The Water Pollution Control Federation or publications thereof.

(Ord. 547, Article I, Secs. 1:31)

It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the city or in any area under the jurisdiction of the city.

(a)    It shall be unlawful to discharge any sewage or other polluted waters into any natural outlet except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article.

(Ord. 547, Art. II, Secs. 1:2)

Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.

(Ord. 547, Art. II, Sec. 3)

The owner(s) of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation, or other purpose, situated within the city and abutting on any street, alley, or right­ of-way in which there is now located or may be located in the future, a sanitary sewer of the city, is hereby required at his or her expense, to install toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article within 90 days after the official notice to do so, provided that the public sewer is within 100 feet of the proper ty line.

(Ord. 547, Art. II, Sec. 3)

(a)   No sewer connection will be per mitted for areas outside the city limits until the developer or owner obtains approval from the city council. Any sewer lines needed to connect with existing city sewer mains and laterals must conform to city and state specifications for same. In order to obtain sewer service, the city reserves the privilege of furnishing, at their option, any or all utilities; namely, gas, water and/or electricity. As a further condition of permitting sewer service for areas outside the city limits, the owners of property served must agree to permit annexation of such property when such action is deemed necessary by the city.

(b)   As a further condition a minim um connection fee of $300 is to be paid in cash to the city treasurer before such connection can be made. Application shall be made to the city council who may approve or reject such application at their discretion. No sewer connection shall be permitted for those outside the city limits unless they are connected to the water system of the city at the time the application is made.

(Ord. 547, Art. II, Sec. 5)

Where a public sanitary sewer is not available under the provisions of section 15-404, the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system com plying with the provisions of this article.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Sec. 1)

Before commencement of construction of a private sewage disposal system, the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant. The application for such permit shall be made on a form furnished by the city, which the applicant shall supplement by any plans, specifications, and other information as are deemed necessary by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant. A permit and inspection fee of $100 shall be paid to the city at the time the application is filed.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Sec. 2)

A permit for a private sewage disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant. He or she shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction and, in any event, the applicant for the permit shall notify the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant when the work is read y for final inspection, and before any underground portions are covered. The inspection shall be made within 96 hours of the receipt of notice by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant or his or her representative.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Sec. 3)

(a)   The type, capacities, location, and layout of a private sewage disposal system shall comply with all recommendations of the Kansas State Department of Health. No permit shall be issued for any private sewage disposal system employing subsurface soil absorption facilities where the area of the lot is less than 20,000 square feet, when a public water supply is used. In the case of a private water supply, the minim um lot size will be 40,000 square feet. No septic tank or cesspool system shall be per mitted to discharge to any natural outlet.

(b)   At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, as provided in section 15-409, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this article, and any septic tanks, cesspools, and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be cleaned and filled according to section 15-412.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Secs. 4:5)

The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the city.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Sec. 6)

No statement contained in this article shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the health officer.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Sec. 7)

When a public sewer becomes available, the building sewer shall be connected to the sewer within 60 days and the private sewage disposal system shall be cleaned of sludge and filled with clean bank-run gravel, locally available chat, or dirt.

(Ord. 547, Art. III, Sec. 8)

No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 1)

There shall be one class of building sewer permit for residential and commercial service. The owner or his or her agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the city. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications, or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant. A permit and inspection fee of $10 for a residential or commercial building sewer permit shall be paid to the city clerk at the time the application is filed.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 2)

All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the city from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 3)

A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building; except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, courtyard, or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer.

(Ord. 54 7, Art. IV, Sec. 4)

Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant, to meet all requirements of this article.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 5)

The size, slope, alignment, and materials of construction of a building sewer, and the methods to be used in excavating and backfilling the trench, installing jointing, and testing the building sewer, shall conform to the Uniform Plumbing Code as hereinafter modified.

(a)   Minim um internal pipeline diameter for all building sewers shall be four inches.

(b)   Building sewers shall be constructed of one of the following pipeline materials:

(1)   Extra-strength vitrified clay pipeline and fittings conforming to ASTM C 700-74.

(2)   Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gravity sewer pipe and fittings, Type PSP or PSM conforming to ASTM Standards D 3033-75 or D 3034-74. All PVC sewer pipe shall be SDR 35.

(3)   Cast or ductile iron pipe with a minim um pressure rating of 150 pounds per square inch conforming to Federal Specification WW -P-42lb, or ANSI A 21.51, A21.6 or A21.8, except that iron used in the manufacture of pipe shall have minim um design strength value, in pounds per square inch, of 21,000 for bursting strength and 45,000 for modulus of rupture.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 6)

Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewer carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the building sewer.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 7)

No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains, or other sources of surface runoff or ground water to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 8)

The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the uniform plumbing code or other applicable rules and regulations of the city. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant before installation.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 9)

The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant or his or her representative, within 96 hours of the receipt of the notice of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 10)

All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways, and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the city.

(Ord. 547, Art. IV, Sec. 11)

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any storm water, surface water, ground water, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water, or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.

(Ord. 547, Art. V, Sec. 1)

Storm water and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as storm sewers as approved by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant, to a storm sewer or natural outlet. Such flows are also subject to federal and state regulations.

(Ord. 547, Art. V, Sec. 2)

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:

(a)   Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid, or gas.

(b)   Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids, or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance, or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.

(c)   Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 6.0 or higher than 9.0, or having any other property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, and personnel of the sewage works.

(d)   Solid viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstructions to the f low in sewers, or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works such as, but not limited to, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.

(e)   Any waters or wastes having (1) a five-day biochemical oxygen demand greater than 300 parts per million by weight, or (2) containing more than 350 parts per million by weight of suspended solids, or (3) having an average daily flow greater than two percent to the average sewage flow of the city, shall be subject to the review of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant. Where necessary, in the opinion of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant, the owner shall provide, at his or her expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to (1) reduce the biochemical oxygen demand to 300 parts per million by weight, or (2) reduce the suspended solids to 350 parts per million by weight, (3) control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until the approvals are obtained in writing.

(Ord. 547, Art. V, Sec. 3)

No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters, or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant that such wastes can harm either the sewers, sewage treatment process, or equipment, have an adverse effect on the receiving stream, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property, or constitute a nuisance. In forming his or her opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant will give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, and other pertinent factors. The substances prohibited are:

(a)   Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 120° F (49° C).

(b)   Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease, or oils whether emulsified or not, in excess of 100 milligrams per liter or containing) substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32 and 120° F (0 and 49° C).

(c)   Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of 3/4 horsepower (0.76 hp metric) or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the superintendent of sewage treatment plant.

(d)   Any waters or wastes containing strong acid pickling wastes, or concentrated plating solutions whether neutralized or not.

(e)   Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc, and similar objectionable or toxic substances; or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the superintendent of the sewage treatment plant for such materials, or pretreatment requirements established by state, federal, or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge.

(f)   Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste- or odor- producing substances, in such concentrations exceeding limits which may be established by the           superintendent of the sewage treatment plant, as necessary, after treatment of the composite sewage, to meet the requirements of the state, federal, or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge.

(Ord. 547, Art. V, Sec. 4)

(a)   A monthly service charge for the use of services rendered by the sewage disposal system shall be paid to the city by all persons, firms, corporations, and any organization, within or without the city, having a sewer connection, directly or indirectly, as follows:

(1)   The minimum monthly bill shall be $20.00

(2)   Every one thousand (1,000) gallons $3.00

(b)   All users of the Chapman wastewater collection and treatment system are assessed a monthly user fee to be established and averaged annually.

(c)   The minimum monthly charge is $20.00.

(d)   A fee for each one thousand (1,000) gallons of metered water averaged for the months of January, February, and March shall be charged as set forth above.

(e)   The average shall be computed in April for each sewage utility customer to become effective with the May sewage billing.

(Ord. 594; Ord. 945; Code 2016; Ord. 984)

For commercial/institutional users the rate will be calculated off of actual usage each month instead of an average usage for the month or January. February and March of the prior calendar year.

However, a commercial/institutional user may choose averaging using the months of January, February and March of the calendar year but only if the commercial/institutional user can provide the City with sufficient information that significant wastewater goes other than into the city sewer system for treatment. Requested changes between actual monthly usage and averaging using the months of January. February and March will only be available to commercial/institutional for an effective date by not later than April 1st of each calendar year.

(Ord. 945; Ord. 957; Code 2016)